Flat Holm & Steep Holm
||"Holm" is derived from a Scandinavian
an island in an estuary. The two Holms in the Bristol Channel, Flat
and Steep Holm, are the only islands of significant size in the area,
you come to Lundy. Half the fun is getting to them, and both
of communications interest. There is also the romance of their nature
rôles - and smuggling associations.
If you wish to visit both islands, you have to
appreciate that in communication terms, or lack of it between them,
are rather like Diomede and Little Diomede, between Russia and Alaska.
Steep Holm is English - off Weston-super-Mare. Flat Holm is Welsh, and
until recently was reached only from Barry. A new service started in
2011 from Weston-Super-Mare using the "Westward Ho" (not the Campbells
vessel) - info courtesy of Cardiff Council.
Access to the Holm islands is restricted.
boats, and occasionally "Waverley" and "Balmoral", make visits to Steep
Holm, from Weston's Knightstone Pier. The Flat
has it's own boat, the "Lewis Alexander".
||The islands have been fortified since
times, with hundreds of personnel being stationed in barracks. This
is on Steep Holm, with "Balmoral" below. The Mendip Hills, Brean Down,
and the Holms, are all part of the same undulating formation. To
the fortifications, Brean Down also had gun positions. In WW2,
were to protect waiting convoys and deal with aircraft raiding
& cities in the area.
Please Click to:-
|Recent publicity has drawn fresh
the 60cm railway line. Together with rolling stock, captured in WW1, it
was brought out in WW2, and laid to facilitate construction of new
on Steep Holm & Flat Holm, including bringing in more guns. The
gauge, 1' 11½'', is considered to be due to it's German origin.
Here on Steep Holm, the trucks had to climb a 1 in 2/3 gradient, with
aid of a winch - this is now the path used by visitors, to reach the
Even though accumulation of soil, and a rock fall have occurred, the
of preservation should be compared with that on Flat Holm, seen on the